Piling Rigs Unveiled: A Closer Look at Types and Usage

Category: Piling Machinery, Piling Rigs | 06 May 2024

Piling Rig Machines

Every construction project is a complex puzzle where the pieces must fit perfectly to ensure stability and durability. One of the foundational pieces of this puzzle is the piling rig, a crucial tool used in creating deep foundations for various structures. Understanding the different types of piling rigs and their specific uses is vital for any construction project, as it influences the overall success of the building process. In this blog, we will explore the various piling techniques in depth, focusing on their mechanisms, applications, and advantages.

Understanding Piling Rigs

Piling rigs are specialized construction equipment that drives piles into the soil to provide foundational support for buildings or other structures. The choice of piling method is dictated by several factors, including the type of soil, the load requirements of the structure, environmental constraints, and space availability.

Types of Piling and Their Uses

1. Open Bore Piling:

Open bore piling is an adaptable method suitable for a wide range of large and small construction sites. It involves drilling a deep, wide hole using a rotating auger, which is a tool that resembles a giant screw. The soil is excavated as the auger drills down to the required depth. Once the desired depth is reached, steel reinforcement cages are inserted into the hole, filling with concrete to form the pile.

This method is particularly valuable in urban areas or near existing structures because it produces very little vibration, thereby minimizing the risk of damage to neighboring properties. It is commonly used in constructing basements and foundations where stability and minimal disturbance are paramount.

2. Continuous Flight Auger (CFA) Piling:

CFA piling is renowned for its low noise and vibration levels, making it ideal for urban environments and close to sensitive structures. The process involves drilling into the ground with a continuous flight auger until the required depth is achieved. As the auger is withdrawn, concrete is pumped through the hollow shaft of the auger, filling up the space left by the auger and forming the pile. This method allows for quick installation and is effective in soft to medium-hard soil conditions.

3. Retaining Walls:

In construction, retaining walls are essential for managing earth pressures in excavated areas. These structures are crucial in maintaining the integrity of the excavation and preventing soil collapse, particularly in projects involving deep foundations or basements.

4. Contiguous Bored Pile Walls:

This type of wall is used to create a continuous barrier that holds back soil or water. It consists of closely spaced bored piles that are constructed adjacent to each other. The gaps between the piles can be varied depending on soil conditions, making this method versatile and effective in different environments. It is particularly useful for constructing underground structures like car parks or basements in urban areas.

5. Secant Bored Pile Walls:

These walls are formed by overlapping "primary" (unreinforced) and "secondary" (reinforced) concrete piles. The interlocking nature of the piles enhances the wall's strength and water tightness, making it suitable for use in areas with challenging ground conditions or high water tables. Secant pile walls are often used in projects requiring robust earth retention, such as deep excavations and tunnels.

6. Mini Piling and Restricted Spaces:

Mini piling techniques are designed for use in limited access or low headroom situations. These compact rigs can perform a variety of piling methods, including rotary drilling, jacking, and impact driving. Mini piles are particularly useful in urban renovations or additions where traditional piling rigs cannot operate due to space constraints.


The proper selection of a piling method is critical for ensuring the structural integrity and longevity of a construction project. Each type of piling rig offers distinct advantages that can be leveraged in specific scenarios, from high-density urban environments to sensitive ecological areas. By thoroughly understanding the characteristics and applications of each piling technique, construction professionals can make informed decisions that optimize the foundation's performance and overall project success.

If you are in the market for a piling rig machine for your project, consider partnering with us. Sany India is a well-known manufacturer of piling rigs in India. We offer an extensive range of pile rigs featuring machines with strokes ranging from 3000 mm to 6000 mm. Our pile rig machines can achieve maximum drilling depths of nb 100m/65m (Friction/Interlock) meters. With over 21 years of experience in the construction machinery and equipment industry, we have built a robust network of approximately 260 touchpoints across India. So, join us in building a new India!