Everything You Need to Know About Hydraulic Truck Cranes

Category: Uncategorized | 05 February 2024

hydraulic truck cranes

Hydraulic truck cranes are more than just heavy machinery on a construction site. They are the backbone of efficient lifting and transporting for various industrial applications. Stripped of embellishments, these robust machines rely on a hydraulic system to move and hoist heavy loads.

What are Hydraulic Truck Cranes and Their Components?

Hydraulic truck cranes are heavy-duty lifting equipment with an internal hydraulic system designed to hoist and transport substantial loads. Let's take a closer look at the key components that make up these robust machines:

Hydraulic Crane Boom

The crane's boom, often made of steel or aluminum, extends from the base and supports the load. It can be either straight or telescopic, offering flexibility based on the crane's size and application. The boom is pivotal, allowing a 360-degree rotation.


The jib, an extension at the end of the boom, provides additional reach and flexibility. It may be fixed or adjustable, with varying lengths and angles to meet specific project needs. The jib is instrumental for precise load positioning and overcoming obstacles.

Hydraulic Systems

The hydraulic system serves as the powerhouse, driving the crane's movements and lifting functions. Key components include

Hydraulic Fluid: A specialized oil that is resistant to compression and capable of withstanding high temperatures and pressures.

Hydraulic Pump: Responsible for pressurizing the fluid and creating the flow that powers the crane's hydraulic machinery.

Control Valves: Regulate fluid flow and pressure, allowing the operator to control the crane's movements.

Hydraulic Cylinders: Converts hydraulic pressure into linear force, facilitating the lifting or lowering of loads.


Positioned at the crane's base, outriggers or stabilizers enhance stability during operations. They can be hydraulically or manually operated and come in various configurations to suit the crane's requirements.


These weights, typically located at the rear of the crane, balance the load, ensuring machine stability and minimizing the risk of tipping. Counterweights come in diverse sizes and shapes, tailored to the crane's capacity and application.

Operator's Cab

These are situated at the top of the crane; the operator's cab is the control hub where the crane operator manages movements. Equipped with controls, instruments, and safety devices, the cab provides a panoramic view of the work area.

How Do Hydraulic Truck Cranes Work?

Understanding the hydraulic crane working principle is essential to appreciate their efficiency and precision in lifting heavy loads. The process involves the conversion of hydraulic pressure into linear force by the hydraulic cylinders. These cylinders, equipped with a piston, a rod, a barrel, and seals, work in tandem to produce the desired movement.

The hydraulic fluid, housed in the hydraulic reservoir, transfers power through the hydraulic pump. As the pump pressurizes the fluid, it creates a flow that drives the hydraulic machinery. Control valves regulate the flow and pressure, allowing the operator to maneuver the crane as needed. Hydraulic cylinders then come into play, translating the hydraulic pressure into linear force, either pushing or pulling the boom and jib to lift or lower the load with precision.

Importance of Hydraulic Truck Cranes on Your Jobsite

Hydraulic truck cranes play a pivotal role in the development of construction projects and industrial operations. Their significance lies in their ability to lift and transport heavy objects that would be beyond the scope of other lifting mechanisms on a job site. Here's why these heavy-duty wonders are indispensable:

Mobility and Versatility

Mounted on wheels, hydraulic truck cranes offer exceptional mobility on job sites, allowing operators to position them precisely where needed. Their versatility makes them ideal for various applications, from constructing buildings to handling heavy machinery.

Stability and Safety

Outfitted with outriggers or stabilizers, hydraulic truck cranes enhance stability during operations. Counterweights further contribute to machine balance, reducing the risk of tipping over. Safety features, such as Load Movement Indicators, ensure operators are aware of maximum lifting capacities, preventing accidents and malfunctions.

Quick Setup and Productivity

Setting up a hydraulic truck crane is a swift process. Operators can drive the crane to the site, extend outriggers, and prepare the boom for the workday. This quick setup allows construction crews to commence work earlier, increasing overall productivity.

Applications of Hydraulic Truck Cranes

The versatility of hydraulic truck cranes extends across various industries, making them indispensable for an array of projects. Some notable applications include

Construction Sites

Hydraulic truck cranes are a common sight on construction sites, where they contribute to tasks like erecting buildings, placing heavy materials, and facilitating construction processes efficiently.

Mining Operations

In the mining industry, hydraulic truck cranes are utilized for transporting heavy loads, moving equipment, and assisting in the extraction of minerals and resources.


These cranes are integral in the transportation sector, aiding in the movement of oversized or heavy items such as shipping containers, vehicles, and machinery.

Infrastructure Projects

Hydraulic truck cranes are instrumental in infrastructure development, including the construction of airports, bridges, railways, roads, stadiums, hotels, apartment complexes, and malls.

Maintenance Tips for Hydraulic Truck Cranes

Ensuring the longevity and optimal performance of hydraulic truck cranes requires diligent maintenance. Here are some essential tips:

Regular Fluid Checks

Regularly inspect hydraulic fluid levels and quality. Change the fluid as needed to ensure proper lubrication and prevent potential damage.

Component Inspection:

Frequently check all crane components for signs of wear or damage. Replace any worn-out or damaged parts promptly to avoid operational issues.


Keep hydraulic cylinders and other components clean and free from dirt, debris, and moisture. Regular cleaning prevents contamination and extends the lifespan of critical parts.


Regularly lubricate cylinder components to reduce friction and wear. Adequate lubrication ensures smooth operation and minimizes the risk of malfunction.

SANY India’s Wide Range of Hydraulic Truck Crane Offerings

We are a leading force in the heavy-duty construction equipment industry, providing a comprehensive range of hydraulic truck cranes tailored for diverse applications. Take a closer look at some of our standout offerings


Capacity: 160 tons

Features: Single-cylinder pin mechanism telescopic boom of 75.5m, fixed jib length of up to 17.5m.

Applications: Suited for refineries, bridges, metro, cement, steel, and more.


Capacity: 80 tons

Features: Extra-long boom of 47.5m, 5-section boom plus a fixed jib, powered by a robust 247 kW diesel engine.

Applications: Versatile for a range of heavy lifting tasks.


Capacity: 60 tons

Features: Strong and efficient hydraulic system, ergonomically designed cabs, removable counterweights, and 5-section boom.


Capacity: 45 tons

Features: Compact design for distant project sites and confined city locations, 5-section boom plus fixed jib, powered by a robust 220 kW diesel engine.

Wrapping Up

Hydraulic truck cranes are indispensable workhorses capable of lifting and moving heavy loads with precision and efficiency. Understanding their components, working principles, and maintenance needs is crucial for ensuring their optimal performance and safety on job sites. Whether it's the quick setup, stability, or versatility, hydraulic truck cranes continue to play a vital role in shaping our infrastructure and handling diverse applications with ease. As technology progresses, SANY India is playing a pivotal role in this transformation by offering our extensive array of construction equipment offerings.